Publications

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Keegan, P. J. (2021, 8-9 April). Spelling irregularities in modern Māori, just how regular are Māori letter to sound correspondences? [Invited Talk]. Child Well-Being Research Symposium. University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.

King, J., Maclagan, M., Harlow, R., Keegan, P. J., & Watson, C. I. (2020). Prestige norms and sound change in Māori. Language Ecology, 4(1), 95-114. https://doi.org/10.1075/le.00011.kin 

Maclagan, M., Harlow, R., King J., Watson, C., & Keegan, P.  (2019, 28-29 November). The pronunciation of “Māori” [Conference Talk]. New Zealand Linguistic Society conference, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Stoakes, H., Watson, C., Keegan, P., Maclagan, M., King, J. & Harlow, R.  (2019). The Dynamics of Closing Diphthong Trajectories in Te Reo Māori. Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Melbourne, Australia (pp. 989-993). Canberra, Australia. http://www.assta.org/proceedings/ICPhS2019/papers/ICPhS_1038.pdf

King, J., Maclagan, M., Harlow, R., Stoakes, H., Watson, C., & Keegan, P. (2018, 15-16, November). Prestige norms and sound change in Māori [Conference Talk]. Language and Society Conference, Wellington, New Zealand.

Mixdorff, H., Watson, C. I., & Keegan, P. J. (2018). Quantitative analysis of Māori prosody from three generations. 9th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2018 (pp. 631-635). Poznań, Poland. doi:10.21437/SpeechProsody.2018-128

Stoakes, H., Watson, C. & Keegan, P. (2018, 5-7 December). Diphthong Mergers in Te Reo Māori [Conference Talk]. 17th International Australasian Conference on Speech Science and Technology, Sydney, Australia.

Keegan, P., Watson, C., Maclagan M., Harlow, R., & King, J. (2017, 7-8 December). Ko te Whakawhanaketanga o tētahi Pūmanawa Rorohiko Whakahua i te reo Māori [The development of a Māori language pronunciation app] [Conference Talk in Māori]. Te Puna o Te Kī  Conference,  Auckland University of Technology, Manukau, New Zealand.

Keegan, P., Watson, C., King, J., Maclagan, M., & Harlow, R. (2017, 18-19 October). Developing a Māori language pronunciation tool based on user feedback [Conference Talk]. Puliima National Indigenous Language Technology Forum, Cairns, Australia.

King, J., Maclagan, M., Harlow, R., Keegan, P. J., & Watson, C. I. (2017, 4 July). Thou shalt not borrow! Attitudes of Māori speakers towards Te Reo Māori and New Zealand English” [Conference Talk]. Cambridge Endangered Languages Conference, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK.

King, J., Keegan, P. J., Watson, C. I., Harlow R., & Maclagan, M. (2017, 11-15 June). New speakers and sound change in the Māori language [Conference Talk]. International Symposium of Bilingualism 11, Limerick, Ireland.

Maclagan, M., Watson, C. I., Harlow, R., King J., & Keegan, P. (2017). Investigating the Sound Change in the New Zealand English NURSE. Australian Journal of Linguistics, 37(4), 465-485. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07268602.2017.1364126

Watson, C. I., Keegan, P. J., Maclagan, M., Harlow, R., & King, J. (2017). The motivation and development of MPAi, a Māori Pronunciation Aid. Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (Interspeech 2017) (pp. 2063-2067). Stockholm, Sweden.  https://www.isca-speech.org/archive/Interspeech_2017/pdfs/0215.PDF

Keegan, P. J., Watson, C. I., King, J., Maclagan, M., & Harlow, R. (2016). Developing a Māori language pronunciation tool based on a Māori speaker database [Poster Presentation]. New Ways of Analyzing Variation Asia-Pacific 4 (NWAV-AP 2016), Chiayi, Taiwan. https://maonze.blogs.auckland.ac.nz/files/2021/03/NWAV-AP-2016-Poster-A4-Portrait-PJKi.pdf

Watson, C., Maclagan, M., King, J., Harlow, R., & Keegan, P. (2016). Sound change in Māori and the influence of New Zealand English. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 46(2), 185-218. doi:10.1017/S0025100316000025

Keegan, P. J., Watson, C. I., Maclagan, M., & King, J. (2014). Sound Change in Māori and the formation of the MAONZE project. In M. Degani, A. Onysko, & J. King (Eds.). He Hiringa He Pūmanawa, Studies on the Māori Language: A Festschrift in honour of Ray Harlow (pp. 33-54). Wellington, Huia.

Maclagan, M., Harlow, R., King, J., Keegan, P., & Watson, C. I. (2013). The role of women in Māori sound change. In Y. Elhindi & T. McGarry (Eds.) Gender-linked Variation Across Language (pp. 5-21) Common Ground Publishing.

Keegan, P. J., Watson, C. I., King, J., Maclagan, M., & Harlow, R. (2012). The Role of Technology in Measuring Changes in the Pronunciation of Māori over Generations. In T. Ka’ai, M. O Laoire, N. Ostler, R. Ka’ai-Mahuta, D. Mahuta & T. Smith (Eds.). Language Endangerment in the 21st Century: Globalisation, Technology and New Media, Proceedings of Conference FEL XVI (pp. 65-71). Te Ipukarea, The National Māori Language Institute, Auckland University of Technology/Foundation for Endangered Languages. https://maonze.blogs.auckland.ac.nz/files/2021/03/FEL-MAONZE-2012-final.pdf

Bier, S. D., Watson, C. I., Maclagan, M., King, J., Harlow, R., & Keegan, P. (2011). Signal Processing Techniques for Language Identification Based on the Pitch Contour. The 18th Electronics New Zealand Conference (ENZCon 2011) (pp. 33-38). Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand. https://maonze.blogs.auckland.ac.nz/files/2021/03/BierENZcon2011.pdf 

Harlow, R., Bauer, W., Maclagan, M., Watson, C. I., Keegan, P., & King, J. (2011). Interrupted transmission and rule loss in Māori: The case of ka. Oceanic Linguistics, 50(1), 51-65, https://www.jstor.org/stable/41336995

King, J., Maclagan, M., Harlow, R., Keegan, P. J., & Watson, C. I. (2011). The MAONZE corpus: Transcribing and analysing Māori Speech. New Zealand Studies in Applied Linguistics, 17(1), 32-48.

King, J., Maclagan, M., Harlow, R., Keegan, P. J., & Watson, C. I. (2011). The MAONZE project: changing uses of an indigenous language database. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory, 7(1), 37-57. https://doi.org/10.1515/cllt.2011.003

Thompson, L. F., Watson, C. I., Harlow, R., King, J., Maclagan, M., Charters, H., & Keegan, P. (2011). Phrases, Pitch, and Perceived Prominances in Māori. The proceedings of the 12th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association: Interspeech 2011 (pp. 1365-1368). Florence, Italy. https://isca-speech.org/archive/archive_papers/interspeech_2011/i11_1365.pdf

Thompson, L. F., Watson, C. I., Harlow, R., Maclagan, M., Charters, H., King, J., & Keegan, P. (2011). Adventures in mita-reading: examining stress ‘rules’ and perception of prosodic prominence in the Māori language. The proceedings of The 17th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS XVII) (pp. 1982-1985). Hong Kong. https://www.internationalphoneticassociation.org/icphs-proceedings/ICPhS2011/OnlineProceedings/RegularSession/Thompson/Thompson.pdf

Watson, C. I., King, J., Bier, S., Maclagan, M., Harlow, R., Thompson, L. & Keegan, P. (2011). Prosodic clues in language recognition: how much information do listeners need to identify Māori and English. Te Reo, 54, 83-112.King, J., Maclagan, M., Harlow, R., Keegan, P. J. & Watson, C. I. (2010). The MAONZE corpus: establishing a corpus of Maori speech. New Zealand Studies of Applied Linguistics,16(2), 1-17.

King, J., Watson, C., Maclagan, M., Harlow, R. & Keegan, P. (2010). Māori Women’s role in sound change. In J. Holmes & M. Marra (Eds.). Femininity, Feminism and Gendered Discourse. (pp. 191-211). Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Thompson, L. F., Watson, C. I., Charters, H., Keegan, P., Harlow, R., King, J. & Maclagan, M. (2010). An experiment in mita-reading: investigating perception of rhythmic prominence in the Māori language. The Proceedings of the 13th Australasian International Conference on Speech Science and Technology (pp. 150-153). Melbourne, Australia. https://assta.org/proceedings/sst/SST-10/SST2010/PDF/AUTHOR/ST100017.PDF

Harlow R., Keegan, P., King J., Maclagan, M., & Watson C. (2009). The changing sound of the Māori language. In J. Stanford, & D. Preston (Eds.). An anthology on quantitative sociolinguistic studies of indigenous minority languages, Variationist Approaches to Indigenous Minority Languages (pp. 129-152). John Benjamins Publishing Company. https://doi.org/10.1075/impact.25.07har

Keegan, P. J., King, J., Maclagan, M., Watson, C. I., & Harlow, R. (2009). Changes in the pronunciation of Maori and implications for teachers and learners of Maori. Conference Proceedings of LED 2007 2nd International Conference on Language, Education and Diversity [CD-ROM]. Hamilton, New Zealand. https://maonze.blogs.auckland.ac.nz/files/2021/03/KeeganetalLED2009.pdf

King, J., Harlow, R., Watson, C., Keegan, P. & Maclagan, M. (2009). Changing Pronunciation of the Maori Language: Implications for Revitalization. In J. Reyhner & L. Lockhead (Eds.). Indigenous Language Revitalization Encouragement, Guidance & Lessons Learned (pp. 75-86). Northern Arizona University. http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~jar/ILR/

King, J., Watson, C., Maclagan, M., Harlow, R., & Keegan, P. (2009). Māori women’s role in sound change. In J. de Bres, J. Holmes & M. Marra (Eds.). Proceedings of the 5th Biennial International Gender and Language Association Conference [DVD]. Wellington, New Zealand.

Maclagan, M., Watson, C. I., King, J., Harlow, R., Thompson, L., & Keegan, P. (2009). Investigating Changes in the Rhythm of Maori over time. 10th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association: Interspeech 2009 (pp. 1535-1538). Brighton, UK. https://www.isca-speech.org/archive/archive_papers/interspeech_2009/papers/i09_1535.pdf

Maclagan, M., Watson, C. I., Harlow, R., King,  J. & Keegan, P.  (2009).  /u/ fronting and /t/ aspiration in Māori and New Zealand English. Language Variation and Change, 21(2), 175-192. https://doi.org/10.1017/S095439450999007X

Keegan P., King J., Harlow R., Maclagan, M., & Watson, C. (2008). Ngā nekehanga o te whakahua i te reo Māori i roto i te rautau kua hipa nei. AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples, 4, (2), 180-197. https://doi.org/10.1177/117718010800400212

Watson, C., Maclagan, M., King, J., & Harlow, R. (2008). The English Pronunciation of Successive Groups of Māori Speakers. 9th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association (Interspeech 2008) incorporating the 12th Australasian International Conference on Speech Science and Technology (SST 2008) (pp. 338-341). Brisbane, Australia. https://www.isca-speech.org/archive/archive_papers/interspeech_2008/i08_0338.pdf

Watson, C., Maclagan, M., Harlow, R., Bauer, W., King, J., & Keegan, P. (2008, 30 June-2 July). Ka conversion – the changing sound and rhythm of Māori? Laboratory Phonology 11. [Conference Abstract]. Wellington, New Zealand. (Laboratory Phonology 11, Book of Abstracts, 157-158). https://labphon.org/sites/default/files/previous_conferences/LabPhon11.pdf

Watson, C., Maclagan, M., King, J., & Harlow, R.  (2006). Are there L1 and L2 effects in the speech of young speakers of Māori? In P. Warren & C. Watson (Eds.). The Proceedings of the 11th International Australasian Conference on Speech Science and Technology (pp. 317-322). Auckland, New Zealand.  http://assta.org/proceedings/sst/2006/sst2006-54.pdf

Harlow, R., Keegan, P., King, J., Maclagan, M. & Watson, C.,  (2005). Te whakahuatanga i te reo Māori: Kua ahatia e tātou i roto i ngā tau 100 kua hipa nei? [The pronunciation of Māori: what have we done to it in the last 100 years?] He Puna Kōrero: Journal of Māori and Pacific Development, 6(1), 45-57. https://search.informit.org/doi/epdf/10.3316/informit.010135743577626

Maclagan, M., Harlow, R., King, J., Keegan, P. & Watson, C. (2004). Acoustic analysis of Māori: historical data. Proceedings for Australian Linguistics Society Conference. Sydney, Australia.  http://hdl.handle.net/2123/104

Maclagan, M., Harlow, R., King, J., Keegan, P. & Watson, C. (2004). New Zealand English influence on Māori pronunciation over time. Te Reo, 47, 45-57.